Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Table 2 provides more information on the remaining statistical procedures that will be used to answer the two final research questions. When accessing the survey online, participants will be able to select the language they want to complete the survey in. And that is why these clinicians are also the ones that will be included as participants in the current study. In the above case, I would rush to a nearby health center to make the officials aware of the problem. In Germany the ICD-10-GM (the German modification of the ICD-10) is the official classification system for the encoding of diagnoses in inpatient and outpatient medical care (Deutsches Institut für Medizinische Dokumentation und Information, 2014). They are the ones that potentially have to work with it and best capable of assessing what consequences DSM-5 usage will have for every day practice and for patient welfare. The knowledge obtained from our study has an important role to play in guiding the debate on how to classify mental disorders, with the eventual public health oriented goal in mind of working towards a uniform classification system on a European level. As a research team, our goal is not to advocate usage of the DSM-5, nor do we seek to promote its diffusion and adoption across Europe. For this, we aim to include clinicians from all relevant disciplines that potentially play a decisive role in the diagnostic process of mental disorders in France, Germany and the Netherlands. You may not submit downloaded papers as your own, that is cheating. They are the ones that potentially have to work with it and best capable of assessing what consequences DSM-5 usage will have for every day practice and for patient welfare. Lysaker, P. (2013). First, M.B. As a response to the unwanted influence of past DSM editions, French psychiatrists and psychologists have since developed some of their own classification systems, such as the. It is important to elaborate to some extent on the controversy that surrounds the DSM-5. Nemeroff, C.B., Weinberger, D., Rutter, M., MacMillan, H.L., Bryant, R.A., Wesseley, S., . The research population of the current study will consist of clinicians from France, Germany and the Netherlands. Both classification systems receive praise and endure criticism, both systems have their advocates and adversaries, and both are perceived as having their weaknesses and their strengths (Derksen, 2012; First, 2009; Ginter, 2014; Wedge, 2012). SAMPLE OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL FOR ME or PhD Advisory Committee Date of enrolment in the programme and expected date of completion Descriptive Title of Your Research Project Your name Your Supervisor's name Your Department . Thesis Proposal - PhD in Epidemiology. We will explicitly state that in order to qualify for participation, the clinicians have to be involved in the diagnostic process of mental disorders, to ensure that their participation is relevant for the purposes of the current study. These differences can make comparisons of bulimia nervosa and PTSD related data a precarious and troublesome venture. For our study we will adopt a post-positivistic research paradigm, which is a value-free research paradigm based on empirical observations (Neumann, 2014). The DSM-5 and the art of medicine: Certainly uncertain. Unit … Per indicator, the most frequently given response will be expressed as an arrow, and incorporated in the individual country models as illustrated in section 2.2 of this research proposal. The first purpose is to inform the community about the outcomes of the current study. The aforementioned steps can all contribute towards the minimization of non-response bias (Penwarden, 2013). We narrow the scope of the current study by not incorporating all the determinants Greenhalgh et al. (2004) use the indicator ‘, To answer these questions, we first refer to Neumann (2014, p 234): “. In total our model incorporates 21 determinants. University of Leicester Bankfield House 132 New Walk Leicester LE1 7JA United Kingdom. Table 1. The determinants of Greenhalgh et al.’s (2004) model on the diffusion of innovation, and their equivalents that will be used in the new DSM-5 model (own figure). essay on current topics 2020 essay on use of social media in educationAnother word for a good research paper. The outcomes of the current study can also guide the debate on what role the DSM-5 should play in realizing a uniform classification system for mental disorders in Europe. How to write a research proposal in public health”, International Journal of Current Research, 7, (5), 16525-16529. However, adherence to adequate, systematic, valid and reliable ways of measuring these health related indicators is a prerequisite to allow for a reasonable and meaningful degree of comparison (Smith, Mossialos & Papanicolas, 2008). The published literature on ethics in epidemiological research and public health practice has grown rapidly over the past three decades. Success refers to whether the project objectives have been achieved, and quality refers to whether the needs of the stakeholders have been met (CHAFEA, 2012b). Center for Disease Control. Commonly, evaluation of professional proposals is based on the proposed research project’s expense, possible impact, and soundness. v) Which trial subjects in each treatment group you would include in the final analysis keeping in mind the timing of the insertion of their tympanostomy tubes? The above 4 types of suicide refer to different social conditions. In the European Region, there are around 60 million cases which represent around 8,5 per cent of the adult population. PubMed Health (2011) defined osteoporosis as the thinning of bone tissue and the loss of bone density over time. Some have argued that using the DSM-5 can even be dangerous (Kelland, 2012). The size of the arrow will illustrate the strength of the effect (the larger the arrow, the stronger that indicator’s influence on the decision to adopt or reject the DSM-5), while the colour will illustrate the direction of the effect (a green arrow signals that an indicator contributes to adoption, and a red arrow signals it contributes to rejection). American Psychiatric Association (APA). Lastly, we incorporate France, a country where strong anti-DSM sentiments have surfaced amongst psychologists and psychiatrists over recent years (Lane, 2012). (“Epidemiology Research Proposal Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.), (Epidemiology Research Proposal Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words). Factors that influence epidemiology in developing countries Any of these project topics on epidemiol… Measurement reliability means that the numerical results an indicator produces do not vary because of characteristics of the measurement process or measurement instrument itself (Neumann, 2014, p 212). Furthermore, where the DSM uses very detailed and specific criteria, the ICD depends more on prototype descriptions with less detailed criteria and minimal background information to guide the diagnostic process (Ginter 2014). This is done by conducting a stakeholder analysis (CHAFEA, 2012a). PG Research Prospectus 2008 (DD/ph th18 Feb) 1 Sample Research Proposals You will find here two examples of proposals for postgraduate research from the Department of Social Policy and Criminology. To ensure reliability, we aim to get together with a multilingual team of researcher to clearly conceptualize the 21 indicators of our model. dissertation littã©raire madame bovaryCreative writing degrees london.Essay pte academic. However, apart from the general comments of Durkheim regarding the potential causes of suicide, the researcher proceeds to an extensive analysis of suicide as a sociocultural phenomenon. In this context, according to Durkheim, the main types of suicide are the following four (as they are presented in Figure 1 below): a) Anomic suicide, b) Fatalistic suicide, c) Altruistic suicide and d) Egoistic suicide. (2008). Figure 4. The project manager will be responsible for leading the research team, monitoring research progress and controlling scope creep (Payne et al., 2011). An example of what the different country models could look like after data analysis (own figure). (2014). An example of what the comparison of the different country models could look like, based on fictional research results, is illustrated in figure 4. Depending on the allocation of a grant, a conference might be organized, for which representatives from the DSM, ICD, national professional associations of clinicians, politicians from the national ministries of health, participants from our study and other relevant stakeholders (as identified in the stakeholder analysis) will be invited. The aim of your research proposal by USC.edu must be to justify the need to carry out the specific research study with an organized plan to conduct that research work. Causation of disease: Though some diseases are caused by genetic factors, most of them result from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Once relevant data has been gathered, we can develop 3 of these models; one for France, one for the Netherlands, and one for Germany. A research proposal is a systematic document presented by a proponent/s to a prospective sponsor/s to win support to conduct a research project, generally in the field of science and academics. Where some would label the DSM-5 as a promising innovation to classify mental disorders (McCarron, 2013), others are opposed to using the DSM-5 altogether (Frances, 2013), arguing that it contributes to the medicalization of normal behaviour (Spence, 2012) as well as to the stigmatization of people with mental disorders (Ben-Zeev, Young & Corrigan, 2010). These indicators can be incorporated in prominent databases and monitoring tools, such as the WHO’s Health for All database (HFA-DB) (World Health Organization (WHO), 2014), the European Community Health Indicators (ECHI) (European Commission, 2009), and the WHO’s Global Health Estimates (WHO, 2013), allowing researchers that are interested in health related cross-country comparisons easy access to relevant data. Anderson, Bryan (2017), Modeling human exposure to Babesia spp. These countries together form an interesting research setting, since they all have very different traditions in the usage of mental disorder classification systems. It is also relevant to students who are applying to external bodies for postgraduate research funding. The first, on fathering after divorce or separation, Several important topics in public health ethics have also been highlighted. If we want to ensure the comparability of mental health related data on a European level, we should strive to adopt one designated classification system to be applied in all Member States, and that is where the DSM-5 (APA, 2013) has a potential role to play. – RQ1. Environmental determinants of an infectious disease 2. Indicators such as the ‘compatibility of the DSM-5 with the clinician’s values, norms and needs‘ and ‘the level of perceived risk from using the DSM-5’can provide valuable insights on how clinicians evaluate the DSM-5. Different kinds of proposal examples are created to ensure that a proposed development project will be introduced and presented in the most appropriate and appealing way possible. Undertaking a research degree, whether it is a Masters by Research, a PhD, or another type of degree such as a EdD, or DMus, can For the current study, various determinants from that model will be incorporated in a new model that aims to specifically describe the relative contribution of several determinants towards either the adoption or rejection of the DSM-5 amongst Dutch, German and French clinicians. The type of emergency described in the above case is an, ...on hand washing – RQ2. • Research question: Does an entirely plant- ... Clinical Epidemiology: the essentials. This means that the ‘tendency to adopt the DSM-5’ score most likely doesn’t incorporate all factors that truly contribute to the decision of adopting or rejecting the DSM-5. This is 100% legal. . An objective approach by the research team throughout the different stages of the study is a necessity to safeguard the truthfulness of the study’s outcomes. 5. The 4 main research questions (RQs) of the current study are: – RQ1. – RQ6. Cohort studies can either be prospective or retrospective and can be used to calculate the incidence of a disease and the relative risk of developing a disease. In the eventual model(s), which will be further developed after data has been gathered and analysed, the sizes of the arrows will vary (small, medium and large) and so will the colours of the arrows (red, green and white). In France, how strongly do specific indicators contribute towards either the rejection or adoption of the DSM-5 amongst clinicians? ... Molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus illness in children and adults in Seattle, WA over five seasons: Wald, Anna: Samantha Rice Theses/Dissertations from 2017 PDF. Some have argued that using the DSM-5 can even be dangerous (Kelland, 2012). Only when we combine several ranked items, we get a more comprehensive multiple indicator measurement.” This means that when we sum up the 21 numerical scores on the Likert scales, we can reasonably treat the outcome of this summation as a continuous variable, which can be subjected to statistical analysis. – RQ3. Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems. Advantages of Creating a Complete and Well-Formulated Development Project Proposal. Research paradigms: Overview of methodologies. Additionally, we set out to investigate if clinicians view it as their task, and therefore their responsibility, to contribute to the usage of a uniform classification system in Europe, and if so, if this influences their tendency to adopt or reject the DSM-5. Not only do the definitions of some mental disorders differ across Member States (Ginter, 2014), also the willingness of clinicians to establish diagnoses seems to vary between countries when specific disorders or patient groups are involved (Wedge, 2012). Polanczyk, G., de Lima, M.S., & Horta, B.L. “Epidemiology Research Proposal Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1517850-epidemiology. The impact of the eventual non-response rates on potential non-response bias will be assessed using the findings of Peytchev (2013) and Groves & Peytcheva (2008). Measurement validity refers to the notion that a test truly measures what it purports to measure, to the extent that inferences made from it are appropriate, meaningful and useful (Gregory, 2011). We set out to investigate if within France, Germany and the Netherlands, there are different factors at play influencing the adoption of the DSM-5 when comparing clinicians of different disciplines (clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, primary care physicians, paediatricians, occupational therapists, neurologists, social workers and psychiatric nurses). Behavior, evolution, and public health 4. Social epidemiology- The economics and social determines of a population 5. Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Juxtaposing these models will allow for a quick comparison of different groups of clinicians and the factors they deem as contributing to the adoption or rejection of the DSM-5. What are the differences between clinicians in France, Germany and the Netherlands in their overall tendency to adopt or reject the DSM-5? The National Cancer Institute (NCI) frequently receives questions from investigators for examples of successfully funded grant applications. Heterogeneity in definitions, classifications and coding practices of indicators across Member States endangers both the validity of comparisons and the inferences following these comparisons (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 2008). 3rd edition. Environment means biological, physical, chemical, psychological, and economic factors that impacts health of an individual. – RQ2. ...,1998) An understanding about the cause of a disease or injury is not only important for prevention but for correct diagnosis and treatment. DSM-5 Conceptual Changes: Innovations, Limitations and Clinical Implications. Mossialos, E., Permanand, G., Baeten, R., & Hervey, T.K. If this is the case, we will rephrase statements and conduct additional pilot tests. Epidemiology Case Study Caridad Center in Boynton Beach, Florida, is visited yearly by 7,000 low income families. It is the most common type of bone disease. In contrast, the ICD has always used a more simplistic system that merely lists mental disorders alongside medical conditions and other health ailments. Background document. (2014). All the participants of our study will receive a letter or e-mail, thanking them for their participation and providing them with a universal resource locator (URL) leading to the research article on www.europeanpublichealth.com. (2013). As the main role or responsibility of public health officials is to collect information on any serious outbreak, it will be so helpful if information on the above case, food born outbreak among the children is examined. FindAPhD. (n.d.). A designated project manager will be appointed to be in charge of project evaluation. Kupfer, D.J., Kuhl, E.A., & Wulsin, L. (2013). The cases' annals of exposure or other characteristics, or both, former to onset of the infection, is noted through interview and occasionally via notes and other sources. Excellent example of cover letter Excellent example of cover letter. This operationalization process will be guided by the principles of Gregory (2011) on test construction. 3. Although he still did not abandon his previous convictions of polluted air as the medium for contamination, his parametric inferences coupled with his endorsement of Snow’s theory in the report, paved way to the acceptance that cholera may be brought about by polluted water. Peytchev, A. It is the only type of influenza virus that has caused pandemics as evidenced by history (Beigel, 2008). Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (CHAFEA). Prevalence Survey for Nosocomial Infections. Several investigators and their organizations agreed to let the Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program (EGRP) post excerpts of their grant applications online. Additional to the 21 statements which represent our indicators, we will inquire about the participants’ professional backgrounds (clinical discipline) and ask participants in which country they ply their trade. In the following subsections we will address possible issues with regard to validity and reliability, and how we aim to address them in the current study. This leaves us with two remaining research questions to answer: – RQ1. This can result in brittle, fragile bones that are more prone to fractures, even without injury. – RQ5. The main aim of our study will be to evaluate what factors contribute towards the adoption and rejection of the DSM-5 amongst clinicians in  three European countries, namely France, Germany and the Netherlands. 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